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FOLK COSTUME GLOSSARY
CYPRIOT DIALECT TERMINOLOGY RELEVANT TO CYPRIOT FOLK COSTUMES
ala's cotton tablecloth of woven checked material with
coloured stripes at the narrow ends.
alatzia' striped or checked cotton textile. Turkish alaca.
a'lia veil of diaphanous silk tissue. Turkish ala.
cholla' black pigment from oil smoke, used as a cosmetic around
the eyes. Arabic kuhl.
di'mito dimity, strong cotton textile woven with four heddles.
doudou'nia tiny filigree spheres from a chest ornament.
douple'tti cape from a wide white cotton skirt, folded double, worn
in the Karpasia region. Italian dobletto.
fane'lla man's vest. Italian flanella.
fkio'ro flower. Italian fiore.
flo'kkos tassel. Italian flocco.
fou'li blossom, lace in floral design. Turkish fulya.
fousta'ni dress. Italian fustagno, derived from the suburb of Cairo,
fouta's rectangle of material folded diagonally and tied in front.
frangopodi'nes boots worn by men in the towns; "Frankish" i.e. Euro-
fydkio'tiko polychrome loom-embroidery characteristic of the village
of Fyti in the Paphos district.
gata'nin multi-coloured fringe. Latin gaitanum.
itare's 1) fine cotton yarn, purchased.
2) silk-cotton fabric with warp of itare. Turkish idare.
kamarou'din 1) small arch; 2)crochet lace in arched design.
kamili'n 1) camel colour; 2)unbleached cotton yarn.
kapa's man's woollen cape or cloak. Turkish kaba.
karfi'tsa pin; ornament for the kerchief or chest.
kertane's necklace. Turkish gerdane.
kkeme'ri man's belt with concealed purse. Turkish kemer.
koilanio'tiko woman's silk kerchief tie-dyed with plant colorants; from
the village of Koilani.
koukkou'moma decorative smocked frill around the hem of the woman's
chemise. Latin cucuma.
kourou'kla fine cotton, white or coloured kerchief with stamped de-
sign. Turkish kuyruklu.
kouroukli'n man's headdress with kouroukla. Turkish kuyruklu.
ko'xa waist. Latin coxa.
kraseti'n deep red colour, like wine (bordeaux).
lapithkio'tiki crochet lace made in the town of Lapithos.
lo'xes gores set into the side of the saya for width.
malli'na lamb's wool shawl.
mana'ssa display of the dowry in the bride's home on her wedding
day; a custom observed in the Karpasia region (see
Athanasios A. Sakellariou, Ta Kypriaka vol. I, p. 726).
Old French maisnage.
mandila'ris craftsman who makes the stamped kerchiefs (see A.
Pieridou, "Pasmatzides kai mandilarides stin Kypro",
Kypriaki Laiki Techni Nicosia 1980, pp. 132-139).
mandi'li kerchief, worn on the head. Latin mantelium.
manike'tta cuffs. Italian manichetto.
mirmi'din chest ornament. Fine gold embroidery thread.
mo'stra ribbon for decorating the festival headdress. Italian
mou'stra coloured decorative stripe at the edges of textiles.
pa'nna a piece of cloth fastened at the waist with buckles,
part of the festival dress in the mountainous districts.
See foutas. Latin pannus.
pasma's stamped material, Cypriot or purchased. Turkish basma.
pefkota' dense polychrome loom-embroidery.
peri'kos man's festival jacket, worn in the Karpasia region.
pertikopa'nnin black and white checked cloth used for catching par-
pezounou'dkia 1) little doves; 2) ornament. French pigeon.
pipi'lla crochet lace. Turkish birbiri.
podi'nes man's boots.
poma'niko triangular inset of material giving width to the underarm
of the sleeve. Latin manica.
poti'nia woman's short boots. French bottine.
pou'kles buckle. French boucle.
pparaou'dkia tiny coins. Turkish para.
ppou'lia sequins used in embroidery. Turkish pul.
sam alatzia' striped silk fabric brought from Syria. Turkish sam alaca.
sa'rka woman's short, fitted sleeved jacket. French serge.
sattakrou'ta stiff, raw-silk fabric. Italian seta cruda.
saya' woman's sleeved over-garment.
schi'stres side slits in the saya.
skale'tta necklace. Italian scaletta.
ska'rpes leather slippers. Italian scarpa.
ske'pi scarlet kerchief which covered the bride's head during
the wedding ceremony.
sklavou'niko short jacket worn by men in the towns.
skou'fa inner headscarf; name used in the Mesaoria. Italian suffia.
skou'foma inner headscarf. Latin scuffia.
spli'ntzes pins; ornaments for the head or chest. Provencal espingla.
stavroti' man's short cross-over jacket worn with the festival
syriane's bridegroom's leather slippers with, bow; brought from
taista' silk or silk-cotton textile with puckered stripes along the
trachilia' decorative dickey of a woman's chemise or frock to
trave'rsa gore with tucks on the man's shirt. French travers.
trifoure'no filigree work on jewellery. Turkish fagfur.
tsembe'ri woollen kerchief with fringing. Turkish cember.
tsiofa's felt. Turkish cuha.
ttalapoulou'zi man's colourful silk sash from Tripoli. Turkish Tarabuluz.
tte'lia metal wires. Turkish tel.
ttellou'rka twisted metal thread for embroidery. Turkish tel.
tzipo'di shepherd's crook with metal hook.
vou'rka shepherd's goatskin bag. Latin bulga.
vra'ka man's densely pleated baggy trousers. Latin bracae.
vroullia' braids, vroulon.
yakkali'n woman's woollen mantle with small standing collar.
yasemou'din 'little jasmine', the name of a type of crochet lace in the
form of a jasmine flower. Turkish yasemin.
yile'kko man's sleeveless jacket or waiscoat. Spanish jileco,
yilekkozi'bouna waistcoat and sleeved jacket worn together.
zarvourkano' woman's mantle of ready-made woollen cloth.
zibou'na man's short sleeved jacket. Provencal jupoun.
zo'ma zonSri; woman's sash of a dark kerchief, worn with the
chemise during the summer months.
zoni'n zonari; woman's sash of a kerchief with twig pattern and
fringing, worn in Karpasia.