CONSTITUTION AND PARLIAMENT
The legislative power of the Republic shall be exercised by the
House of Representatives in all matters except those expressly
reserved to the Communal Chambers under this Constitution.
- The number of Representatives shall be fifty:
Provided that such number may be altered by a resolution of the
House of Representatives carried by a majority comprising
two-thirds of the Representatives elected by the Greek
Community and two-thirds of the Representatives elected by the Turkish
Out of the number of Representatives provided in paragraph 1
of this Article seventy per centum shall be elected by the
Greek Community and thirty per centum by the Turkish Community
separately from amongst their members respectively, and in the
case of a contested election, by universal suffrage and by
direct and secret ballot held on the same day.
The proportion of Representatives stated in this paragraph
shall be independent of any statistical data.
- Subject to paragraph 2 of this Article every citizen of the
Republic who has attained the age of twenty-one years and has
such residential qualifications as may be prescribed by the
Electoral Law shall have the right to be registered as an
elector in either the Greek or the Turkish electoral list:
Provided that the members of the Greek Community shall only be
registered in the Greek electoral list and the members of the
Turkish Community shall only be registered in the Turkish
No person shall be qualified to be registered as an elector
who is disqualified for such registration by virtue of the
A person shall be qualified to be a candidate for election as a
Representative if at the time of the election that person
(a) is a citizen of the Republic;
(b) has attained the age of twenty-five years;
(c) has not been, on or after the date of the coming into operation of
this Constitution, convicted of an offense involving dishonesty or
moral turpitude or is not under any disqualification imposed by a competent
court for any electoral offense;
(d) is not suffering from a mental disease incapacitating such person
from acting as a Representative.
- The term of office of the House of Representatives shall be
for a period of five years.
The term of office of the first House of Representatives shall
commence on the date of the coming into operation of this
The outgoing House shall continue in office until the
newly-elected House assumes office under paragraph 1 of this
- A general election for the House of Representatives shall be
held on the second Sunday of the month immediately preceding
the month in which the term of office of the outgoing House
- When a vacancy occurs in the seat of a Representative such
vacancy shall be filled by a by-election to be held within a
period not exceeding forty-five days of the occurrence of such
vacancy on a date to be fixed by the House of Representatives~
- If an election under paragraph 1 or 2 of this Article cannot
take place on the date fixed by or unclear this Constitution
owing to extraordinary and unforeseen circumstances such as
earthquake. floods, general epidemic and the like, then such
election shall take place on the corresponding day of the week
- The House of Representatives may dissolve itself only by
its own decision carried b! an absolute majority including at
least one third of the Representatives elected by the Turkish~
Any such decision shall, notwithstanding anything contained
in paragraph 1 of Article 65 and paragraph 1 of Article 66,
provide for the date of the holding of the general election,
which shall not be less than thirty days and not more than
forty days from the date of such decision, and also for the
date of the first meeting of the newly elected House which shall not
be later than fifteen clays after such general election and until such
date the outgoing House shall continue to be in office.
Notwithstanding anything in paragraph 1 of Article 65
contained, the term of office of the House of Representatives
to be elected after dissolution shall be for the unexpired
period of the term of office of the dissolved House. In case
of dissolution within the last year of the five years' term of
office, a general election for the House of Representatives shall take
place both for the unexpired part of the term of office of the
dissolved House, during which any session of the newly elected House sh
all be considered to be an extraordinary session, and for the
subsequent five years' term of office.
Whenever a House of Representatives continues to be in office
until the assumption of office by a newly elected House under
either paragraph 2 of Article 65 or paragraph 2 of Article 67,
such House shall not have power to make any laws or to take any
decisions on any matter except only in case of urgent and
exceptional unforeseen circumstances to be specifically stated in the
relevant law or decision.
A Representative before assuming duties as such in the House of
Representatives and at a public meeting thereof shall make the
"I do solemnly affirm faith to, and respect for, the
Constitution and the laws made thereunder, the preservation of
the independence and the territorial integrity, of the Republic
The office of a Representative shall be incompatible with that
of a Minister or of a member of a Communal Chamber or of a
member of any municipal council including a Mayor or of a
member of the armed or security forces of the Republic or with
a public or municipal office or, in the case of a
Representative elected by the Turkish Community, of a religious
functionary (din adami).
For the purposes of this Article " public office " means any
office of profit in the service of the Republic or of a
Communal Chamber the emoluments of which are under the control
either of the Republic or of a Communal Chamber and includes
any office in any public corporation or public utility body.
The seat of a Representative shall become vacant‹
(a) upon his death;
(b) upon his written resignation;
(c) upon the occurrence of any of the circumstances referred to in
paragraph (c) or (d) of Article 64 or if he ceases to be a citizen of
(d) upon his becoming the holder of an office mentioned in Article 70.
- The President of the House of Representatives shall be a
Creek, and shall be elected by the Representatives elected by
the Greek Community, and the Vice-President shall be a Turk and
shall be elected by the Representatives elected by the Turkish
Community unity. Each shall be elected separately as above at the
same meeting at the beginning and for the whole period of the term of
office of the House of Representatives.
- In case of any vacancy in either of the offices provided in
paragraph 1 of this Article, an election as provided in such
paragraph shall take place with all due speed and at an
extraordinary session if necessary in order to fill such
- In case of temporary absence or pending the filling of a
vacancy as provided in paragraph 2 of this Article in either of
the offices of the President or the Vice-President of the House,
their functions shall be performed by the eldest Representative
of the respective Community unless the Representatives of such
Community should otherwise decide.
- In addition to the President and the Vice-President of the
House there shall be appointed from amongst the Representatives
and by the President and the Vice-President of the House
respectively two Greek and one Turkish Clerks of the House and
two Greek and one Turkish Administrative Clerks of the House who shall
be attached respectively to the office of the President and the
Vice-President of the House.
- Subject to the ensuing provisions of this Article, the House
of Representatives by its Standing Orders regulates any matter
of parliamentary procedure and of functions of its offices.
- There shall be a Committee to be known as the Committee of
Selection consisting of the President of the House as Chairman,
the Vice-President of the House as Vice-Chairman and eight
other members elected by the House of Representatives at its meeting
after the election of the President and the Vice-President of the
House, six from amongst the Representatives elected by the Greek
Community and two from amongst the Representatives elected by the
- The Committee of Selection shall set up the Standing
Committees and any other temporary, ad hoc or special
Committee of the House of Representatives and shall appoint
Representatives to be members thereof and in so doing due
regard should be had to the proposals made by the Greek and the
Turkish Communal groups or political party groups in the House for such
setting up and appointments. -- The appointments to such Committees
shall be subject to the provisions of the paragraph next following.
- The Greek and the Turkish Communal groups and political
party groups in the House of Representatives shall be
adequately represented on each of the Standing, and of any
other temporary, ad hoc or special, Committee of the House:
Provided that the total number of the seats on such Committees
distributed respectively to the Representatives- elected by the
Greek and the Turkish Communities shall be in the same
proportion as that in which the seats in the House are
distributed to the Representatives elected by the Greek and
the Turkish Communities respectively.
Every Bill on being introduced in the House of
Representatives shall be referred for debate in the first
instance before the appropriate Committee.
With the exception of those which are considered to be of an
urgent nature, no Bill shall be debated by a Committee before
the lapse of forty-eight hours after its being distributed to
the Representatives constituting such a Committee.
With the exception of those which are considered to be of an
urgent nature, no Bill which has passed the Committee stage
shall be debated in the House of Representatives before the
lapse of forty-eight hours after it has been distributed to the
Representatives together with the report of the Committee.
The agenda of the meetings of the House of Representatives,
which shall include any additional subject proposed by the
Vice-President of the House, shall be drawn up and presented to
the House of Representatives by the President of the House.
After the presentation of the agenda to the House of
Representatives, any Representative may move any addition or
amendment to such agenda, and such motion shall be decided upon
by the House of Representatives.
No Representative can speak at any meeting of the House of
Representatives unless he registers his name in the proper Register or
unless he obtains the permission of the person presiding at such meeting.
Every Representative who has complied with such formality is
entitled to be given reasonably sufficient time, having regard
to the particular subject, to speak and to be heard at the
The speeches shall be made in order of the registration or of
oral request, as the case may be, of those who desire to
Provided that where there are opposite views held, a speaker
shall, as far as practicable, follow another one who supports
the opposite view. But Representatives speaking on behalf of
the Committees or of the political party groups of the House of
Representatives shall not be subject to such order of
Representatives desiring to speak in connexion with motions
with regard to any matter relating to the agenda, the
application of the Standing Orders or the closure of the debate
shall be given precedence in time over the Representatives
desiring to speak in connexion with the subject of the debate.
and in such a case two Representatives, one in favour and one against
the motion, shall be allowed fifteen minutes each for their respective
All speeches in the House of Representatives shall be made
from the rostrum of the House and addressed to the House of
Representatives. All speeches and other proceedings in the
House arid at all the Committee meetings shall, simultaneously
as they are being made or taking place, be translated from the
official language in which they are being made or taking ace into the
other official language.
Save as otherwise provided in the Standing Orders,
interruptions of the speech of a Representative or personal
attacks against any Representative unconnected with the subject
under debate. both in the House and at the Committee meetings,
The votes in the House of Representatives shall be jointly
counted and recorded by one Greek and the Turkish Clerk of the
The minutes of the debates in the House of Representatives
shall comprise all proceedings fully.
The minutes of the proceedings of the Committees shall be kept
in a summary form. Upon objection to the minutes of a meeting
of the House of Representatives through the oral submission of
a Representative at the first following meeting or by a written
objection sent to the President of the relevant meeting, the
House of Representatives may decide to correct such minutes
Any political party which is represented at least by twelve
per centum of the total number of the Representatives in the
House of Representatives can form and shall be entitled to be
recognised as a political party group.
- The House of Representatives shall meet on the fifteenth day
next following a general election and thereafter in each year
on the corresponding day in such year without summons for its
- The ordinary session of the House of Representatives shall
last for a period of three to six months in each year, as the
House of Representatives may determine.
- The House of Representatives shall be summoned to an
extraordinary session by the President or the Vice-President of
the House on the request of ten Representatives addressed to
both the President and the Vice-President of the House.
- The meetings of the House of Representatives shall be open
to the public and the minutes of its debates shall be
- The House of Representatives may, if it thinks necessary,
hold secret sessions on a resolution carried by a
three-quarters majority vote of the total number of
- The President of the House shall declare the commencement
and the end of every meeting.
- The President of the House in declaring the end of a meeting
shall at the same time announce the date and time fixed, with
the consent of the House of Representatives, of the meeting
next following and shall present to the House of
Representatives the agenda of such meeting and thereupon the
provisions of paragraph 6 of Article 73 shall apply.
- Any agenda shall be printed and distributed to the
Representatives at least twenty-four hours prior to the
meeting, but if such agenda relates to the topic already under
debate such distribution may be made at any time prior to the
- The quorum of the House of Representatives shall consist of
at least one-third of the total number of its members.
- The debate relating to any particular topic shall be
adjourned once for twenty-four hours at the request of the
majority of the Representatives of either Community who are
present at a meeting.
- The laws and the decisions of the House of Representatives
shall be passed by a simple majority vote of the
Representatives present and voting.
- Any modification of the Electoral Law and the adoption of
any law relating to the municipalities and of any law imposing
duties or taxes shall require a separate simple majority of the
Representatives elected by the Greek and the Turkish
Communities respectively taking part in the vote.
- The President or the Vice-President of the Republic may
address the House of Representatives by message, or transmit to
the House of Representatives their views through the
- The Ministers may follow the proceedings of the House of
Representatives or any Committee thereof, and make a statement
to, or inform, the House of Representatives or any Committee
thereof, on any subject within their competence.
- The right to introduce Bills belongs to the
Representatives and to the Ministers.
- No Bill relating to an increase in budgetary expenditure
can be introduced by any Representative.
- The Budget is introduced to the House of Representatives at
least three months before the day fixed by law for the
commencement of the financial year and is voted by it not later
than the day so fixed.
- Within three months from the end of the financial year the
final accounts shall be submitted to the House of
Representatives for approval.
A law or decision of the House of Representatives shall come
into operation on its publication in the official Gazette of
the Republic unless another date is provided by such law or
- Representatives shall not be liable to civil or criminal
proceedings in respect of any statement made or vote given by
them in the House of Representatives.
- A Representative cannot, without the leave of the High
Court, be prosecuted, arrested or imprisoned so long as he
continues to be a Representative. Such leave is not required in
the case of an offence punishable with death or imprisonment
for five ye ars or more in case the offender is taken in the
act. In such a case the High Court being notified forthwith by
the competent authority decides whether it should grant or
refuse leave for the continuation of the prosecution or
detention so long as he continues to be a Representative.
- If the High Court refuses to grant leave for the prosecution
of a Representative, the period during which the Representative
cannot thus be prosecuted shall not be reckoned for the
purposes of any period of prescription for the offence in
- If the High Court refuses to grant leave for the enforcement
of a sentence of imprisonment imposed on a Representative by a
competent court, the enforcement of such sentence shall be
postponed until he ceases to be a Representative.
- Representatives receive from the Public Revenue remuneration
defined by law.
- Any increase of such remuneration shall not become operative
during the term of office of the House of Representatives in
which such increase has been made.
Any question with regard to the qualifications of candidates
for election and election petitions shall be finally
adjudicated by the Supreme Constitutional Court.