About Cyprus

Elections - Presidential

Presidential elections
The election of the President is direct, by universal suffrage and secret ballot. Every citizen over the age of 18 has the right to vote.

The President%26rsquo;s term of office is for a period of five years starting from the date of his investiture before the House of Representatives. The election of a new President takes place before the expiration of the five-year period of office of the outgoing President so as to enable the newly-elected President to be invested on the date that period expires.

Candidates for election must be citizens of the Republic of Cyprus and over 35 years of age.
If there is only one candidate for election, he is declared elected.

A candidate to be elected needs more than 50% of the votes validly cast. If none of the candidates attains the required majority the election is repeated on the corresponding day of the following week between the two candidates who received the greater number of votes. The candidate who receives the greatest number of votes at these repeated elections is deemed elected.

If there is a vacancy in the office of President, the vacancy is filled by a by-election taking place within a period not exceeding 45 days of the occurrence of such a vacancy.

In the event of a temporary absence or incapacity of the President to perform his duties, the President of the House of Representatives acts for him.

History of Presidential elections
1959 Elections
1968 Elections
1983 Elections
1988 Elections
1993 Elections
1998 Elections
The first presidential elections in Cyprus took place before independence on 13 December 1959. Archbishop Makarios was elected President of the Republic defeating his opponent Ioannis Clerides by a margin of two to one.

1959 Results
Eligible voters
238.879
Votes cast
217.956
91,25%
Abstention
20.923
8,75%
Archbishop Makarios
144.501
66,29%
Ioannis Clerides
71.753
32,92%
Invalid ballot papers
1.702
0,89%
The next elections were due in 1965 but were postponed as a result of the extraordinary situation created by the intercommunal strife. The term of office was extended by a law of the House of Representatives. In elections on 25 February1968 Archbishop Makarios was returned with 96% of the vote.

1968 Results
Eligible voters
247.653
Votes cast
231.438
93,45%
Abstention
16.115
6,55%
Archbishop Makarios
220.911
96,26%
Takis Evdokas
8.577
3,74%
Invalid ballot papers
1.950
0,84%

In 1973 President Makarios was re-elected unopposed. After his death in 1977 the then President of the House of Representatives, Spyros Kyprianou, assumed duties temporarily. On August 31, 1977 Spyros Kyprianou was declared elected unopposed, for the remainder of the presidential term.

In February 1978 he was again declared elected unopposed for a new five-year term.

On February 13, 1983 President Kyprianou supported by his center Democratic Party and left-wing AKEL, was re-elected to office. He was opposed by Glafcos Clerides, the leader of the right-wing Democratic Rally party and Vassos Lyssarides of the Socialist party, EDEK.

1983 Results
Eligible voters
327.184
Votes cast
310.903
95,02%
Abstentions
16.281
4,98%
Invalid ballot papers
3.511
Spyros Kyprianou
173.791
56,54%
Glafcos Clerides
104.294
33,93%
Vassos Lyssarides
29.307
9,53%
In February 1988 George Vassiliou was elected to the post of President of the Republic. In the first ballot on February 14, 1988 none of the four candidates received the required 50% plus one vote, but in the second round on 21 February Glafcos Clerides was defeated.

1988 Presidential elections
First round
Number of voters
363.719
Votes cast
342.780
94,24%
Abstentions
20.939
5,76%
Glafcos Clerides
111.504
33,32%
George Vassiliou
110.748
30,11%
Spyros Kyprianou
91.335
27,29%
Vassos Lyssarides
30.865
9,22%
Invalid votes
8.141
2,37%
.


Second round
Number of voters
363.740
Votes cast
342.990
Abstentions
20.750
5,70%
George Vassiliou
167.834
51.63%
Glafcos Clerides
157.228
48.37%
Invalid votes
17.920
5,23%

On 14 February 1993 Glafcos Clerides, the leader of the Democratic Rally Party, was elected to the post of President of the Republic defeating George Vassiliou, who again ran as an Independent candidate supported by AKEL and ADISOK. Clerides secured the support of the Democratic Party in the second round.

1993 Presidential elections
First round
Number of voters
393.993
Votes cast
364.118
Abstentions
29.875
7,58%
George Vassiliou
157.027
44,15%
Glafcos Clerides
130.663
36,74%
George Mavrogenis
890
0,25%
Paschalis Paschalides
66,300
18,64%
Yiannakis Taliotis
755
0,21%
Invalid votes
8.483
2,33%
.

Second round
Number of voters
393.993
Votes cast
367.474
Abstentions
26.519
6,73%
George Vassiliou
176.769
49,69%
Glafcos Clerides
178.945
50,31%
In the elections of February 1998 President Glafcos Clerides, was re-elected to the post of President of the Republic.

Results of the 1998 Presidential elections
First round
Number of voters
446.976
Votes cast
409.979
91,72%
Invalid votes
8.944
2,18%
Blank votes
4.736
1,16%
Abstentions
36.997
8,28%
Nicos Rolandis
3.104
0,78%
Nicolas Koutsou
3.625
0,91%
Vasos Lyssarides
41.978
10,59%
George Vasiliou
11.908
3,00%
Alexis Galanos
16.003
4,04%
George Iacovou
160.918
40,61%
Glafcos Clerides
158.763
40,06%

.
Second round
Number of voters
447.046
Votes cast
417.406
93,37%
Invalid votes
4.448
1,07%
Blank votes
5.857
1,40%
Abstentions
29.640
6,63%
George Iacovou
200.222
49,18%
Glafcos Clerides
206.879
50,82%

Entry Date 13/2/2001

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