(Juniperous phoenicia)
Juniperous phoenicia


An aromatic evergreen shrub or small tree with gland-dotted, scale-like leaves. Has separate male and female cones and flowers between February and April. The fruits are globular and have a shining reddish-brown colour when they mature, in the second year.


Found from sea-level to 1,000 ft on rocky ground, in pine forest, maquis and on dry slopes. Very common in the Akamas and Akrotiri areas.

Uses and Properties

The fruits contain a bitter tasting mix of tannins, organic acids and resins and the whole plant is rich in fragrant oil. It is known for its' flavouring and aromatic properties especially when used in gin. Medicinally infusions and extracts are used as antiseptics, stomach tonics, diuretics and in the treatment of cystitis and urinary infections. Used externally against dermatitis. The wood is very decay resistant and was used in house building in classical times. Pitch was also obtained from this plant. This plant could be the "Cedar of the Wilderness" mentioned in the old testament.