500 meters south of the church of Chrysosotira is “Mana” the source of Akanthou’s famous water. At this source the water comes out from three separate cracks at the bottom of a large rock. The quantity of this water was more than sufficient for the needs of approximately 2000 people. The surplus water would be use for the surrounding attotments covering one square mile.
The existence of this water was the reason for man’s presence in this area. The are evidence that people lived here since the Neolithic era and also in other communities within the district of Akanthou which covers 50 square miles. Of all the villages of Cyprus Akanthou’s district is the largest.
Akanthou’s source of water is the 3rd largest in size after that of Lapithou and Karava, both of these villages like Akanthou are under Turkish occupation since 1974. One can find Lapithos and Karava on the mountain of Pendadaktilos which runs across the northern occupied part of Cyprus.
For centuries this water satisfied the needs of the villagers, but later the drilling in search for more water in places like Kotsoxinaro(
Kotsoxinaro ) which is an area between Akanthou’s Boyazi( Pogazi thV AkanqouV ) and Mersinikki to the south of the village meant the end of that source (spring). It dried out completely.
In the late 50s (about 1955) the villagers were forced to drill for more water 500 meters south of the old source at Dafnes tis Mazeris(
DafneV thV MazerhV ) near the dirt road towards the area of Styllarka( Stullarka ) . The new source again covered all the needs of the Akanthiotes and even was used for as far as “Kalami” Kalami and “Nerades”( NeradeV) . Kalami and Nerades were places near the sea 1-2 miles north of Akanthou.


Beyond Akanthou’s famous water source(spring) at Mana a large 200 meter rock stretches out as if to reach the sky. Next to this huge rock formation you will find the highest neiboughhood of Akanthou “ Mandis”. Beyond Mandis( ManthV ) is an area called Litharka tis Kolotzias( Liqarka thV KolotziaV ). This area is a small section of Pendadaktylos( PentadaktuloV ) and beneath its peak top of Elympos( ElumpoV ) are fertile narrow valleys. In these valleys you will found more but smaller in size summer water springs which are the result of winter rain fall.
It is here that the hardworking Akanthioti for centuries has cultivated vine yards, as well as fruit tree farming such as apples, pears, walnuts, figs, plums, quince trees and much more.
For centuries the cultivation of grape vines by the Akanthiotes took place on these high grounds. Evidence of this is the narrow levelling out of the ground supported on the edges by stone walls. This tradition of cultivation was done until the Turkish army invaded our country and is now occupying 37% of the Republic’s land. For the past 40-50 years this cultivation of the vineyards moved down to lower grounds such as the Kalami area, Pilo(
Phlo ) and the Stena Trahonia( Stena Tracwnia ).

Name Places of Akanthou

This is a ravine/narrow valley 8 miles east of Akanthou near the coastal main road Akanthou-Flamoudi-Dhavlos. At the mouth of the river “Skalion” there are ruins of an old flour mill. Further up from there are abandon
“vouhes”. The flour mill and the vouhes are evidence of the existance of the settlement(community) of “Melissa” .

This place is found 1.5 miles east of Akanthou-Mavri Skala-Mandres. Here there’s an anonymous old settlement in which 40 ancient graves were discovered containing human scalps.

This is by the dirt road Akanthou-Lefkoniko, south of Akanthou. West of Ayia Varvara just after “ Poularekremmos” at the forked street of Ais Yiannis-Fonessas.

Oi Tourkoi eispraktoreV forwn upocrewnan tiV ArceV AkanqouV na touV                                sunodeuoun wV     touto to topwnumio, opou touV apocairetousan me to “ << Kioule-Kioule >> (kateuodio). Otan oi forosullekteV Tourkoi ginontan afantoi sthn kontinh kathforia, oi sunodoiporoi esernan pisw touV mikreV petreV me thn katara << st’ anaqema >> . Me ton kairo egine mikroV swroV apo petreV kai o topoV emeine gnwstoV << Anaqematouri >> .

PhgeV Nerou

Water springs

Other than the water spring of “Mana” which supplied the village for many years with water, there were other springs around the Akanthou district too:-

Stazousa( Stazousa ):
This spring with its endless supply of water is situated on the north edges of “Trahona”. Stazousa has vournes for the animals.
The surplus water was used for the allotments of “Kalami”. Yiorkatsis had the rights to ownership of the surplus water and he owned a lot of land at “Kalami” in the 30’s of the 19th century.

Nerades( NeradeV ):-
Here the banks of the river Manas, there are springs which are used to water local allotments.

Alakati( Alakati ):-
Here there’s a well which was used by its owners to water their allotment.

Vrisin tou Vatou( Brusin tou batou ):-
This is situated east of Alakati near the main road.

Vournes( BourneV ):-
Vournes is 4-5 miles east of Akanthou about 10 acres from the sea. The water from this well was enough for the few allotments in this area.

Ais Mikallos( AhV MikalloV ):-
Here are a few springs and wells and again they are used for the maintenance of all the allotments in the this area.

Makkouras( MakkouraV ):-
This is another well which was used to supply water to the local vegetable fields.

Vrisin tou Tittoni( Brusin tou Tittwnh ):-
Here my great-grandfather was using the water from the river “Helones”(note to myself:make a link to helones) to water and maintain his allotment, which was near the beach south of the main road Akanthou - Flamoudi. The origin of the water in the Helones river came from “Lagkoufos tou Karamanou”. There was a very big/deep well here.

Ta Knasa( Ta Knasa ):-
Here there is a big well that forms the river “Gliori”.

Grousoupi( Grousoupi ):-
Here at the base of the mountain Grousoupi there is another spring

Potos( PotoV ):-
This is where the water from “Piperounta” ends up

Nero tis Vateris( Nero thV BaterhV ):-
The water from here supplies the river “Skallion. This area was very green and full of life. On the edge of the river Skalion there are ruins of a flour mill that the locals of this community used for their needs. Many years ago there was a community here called “Melissa”. Maybe the “Nero tis Vateris” supplied “Melissa” with water in the early days.

Nerou tous Atous( Nero touV AtouV ):-
This was situated along the hill tops of “Mandres”. The narrow valleys of “Piperounta” benefited from the water of Nerou tous Atous. Some 60-70 years ago the church of Akanthou had farmyards for sheep & goats.

Piyi Archangelou( Phgh Arcaggelou ):-
Another spring which the locals took full advantage of. This was situated west of “Nerades”.

Korones( KorwneV ):-
This spring is situated by the sea, so its water could not be used to cultivate the local allotments because the water was salty.

Yerokolymbos( GerokolumpoV ):-
Another spring which was used to water the allotments of “Kkolounies”

Kalikrini( Kalhgkrhnh ):-
At this location there are ruins of an ancient community. This spring is a few acres from the sea and about 6 miles west of Akanthou

Ayia Marina( Agia Marina ):-
This is a big spring and it satisfied the needs of an ancient community. Just before the Turkish invasion of 1974 the water from this spring was used for the needs of the community of “Kalorka”. A few summer restaurants in this area made good use of the water as well. There was also a Hotel called “Glaros” and its owner Photis Christofi came from Kalorka.

Tripa tis Yerolias( Trupa thV GeroliaV ):-
A lot of ancient communities were set up around these springs. Tripa tis Yerolias is no exception. Evidence found at the nearby communities of “Dihorka” and “Koufou” in the form of old roof tiles support this. At Dihorka there were “vournes” for animals.
The following springs are found on higher ground:

Sytzia( Sutzia ):-
This area had allotments with orange trees

Platsies( PlatsieV ):-
In this area there were lots of little springs which were used for the cultivation of walnut trees, apple trees, pear trees and plum trees.

Mavri Skala( Maurh Skala ):-
The water from this source was used to drive a flour mill belonging to Pieri HadjiMihali Ellina and located at “Teratsoudkia”

Ais Yiannis( AhV GiannhV ):-
The water from these springs was used to water allotments and run another flour mill near the road to Lefkoniko about 1.5 miles west of Akanthou

Elymbos( ElumpoV ):-
At the top of this very high mountain top there is another spring which was the ownership of Hadjisavva Hadjiloizou

Tziefales( TziefaleV ):-
The source of this spring puzzled the Akanthiotes. They wondered, how can water spring out from the ground so high up on the mountain. At this location there are ruins of an ancient community.

Kahoumeni( Kacoumenh ):-
Yet another good spring. The existence of all this water around the district of Akanthou made the village so green and full of life. Today the Attila settlers who were taken there by the illegal regime of the Turkish army have renamed our village Akanthou to “ Tatlisou ” which in Turkish means sweet water. Akanthou is a piece of paradise. It has Caribbean like beaches and breathtaking scenery. We the Akanthiotes had it all, until the Turkish army invaded our Paradise and took it all away from us. We are the rightful owners of this Heaven.


Juniperus Phoenicea

In the church yard of Ayios Charalambos (Haralanbos) about 6 miles from the village of Akanthou on the main road towards the village of Flamoudi there is an enormous tree    dating back to many centuries old ,this tree is on the west facing side of the church
In our area of Cyprus we call this tree Aoratos. In the district of Paralimni it is known as Voratos( B
oratoV ) and in the district of Koma Yialou it’s known as Avratsia( Abratzia ). Its botanic name is Juniperus Phoenicea ( ArkeuqoV h Foinikikh ) Cypress-Tree.
Its wood is hard and rot resistant and in the old days it was used on roofs as beams and joists.
What is so special about this particular tree is its size and age.
The perimeter  of its trunk is about 6 feet. From that spot it branches of to another five enormous branches 6 feet and 6 inches. Each of these branches have a perimeter of 3 feet. This gigantic tree covers an area of: From north to south 30 feet and from west to east 20 feet. Its height is no less than 24 feet. Its age is estimated to many centuries.
This chapel of
Ayios Charalambos (Haralambos) was built after the great plague of 13th century that the Island of Cyprus was going through. This plague is mentioned by Sakellariou( Sakellariou ) in the “Kypriaka “Volume A, page 507 “ LoimoV de megaV eneskhye twn 1393 eiV thn polhn Larnaka kai eiV thn kwmhn Akanqou ex hV metedoqh kaq apasan thn nhson ” :- in 1393 the big plague started in the town of Larnaka and in the town of Akanthou and then it spread to the rest of the Island.
The villagers of Akanthou had an Icon made in memory of Ayios Haralambos. The Icon shows the plague portrait as an evil person holding a scythe/sickle which was used by the plague to kill the people, and the saint standing on the chest of this evil person ,this symbolises the defeat of the plaque by saint Haralambos. The Icon was dated to 1846 AD . Who knows now what has become of the Icon . The Turks might have turned this church into a stable like they  have done to hundreds of other of our churches, they have no respect for our Greek heritage.